Yanni, Carla

Position: Professor
Research Interests: Architecture in Britain and the United States from the 19th century to the present
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania
Phone: (848) 932-1250
Email: mailto:cyanni@rci.rutgers.edu
Office Hours: Mondays 2:00-3:00 and by appointment
Office Location: 60 College Ave., Rm 202

Biographical Information:

My area of specialization is the social history of architecture in 19th- and 20th-century Britain and the United States. I am the author of three monographs, each one a social history of a single building type. Living on Campus: A Social and Architectural History of College Dormitories in the United States (University of Minnesota Press, 2019) examines the dwellings of college students set against the backdrop of massive shifts in higher education. 

My third book, Living on Campus: An Architectural History of the American Dormitory, proposes that residence halls manifest ideas about student life, education, class, gender, race, and citizenship.

In my second book, The Architecture of Madness: Insane Asylums in the United States, published by the University of Minnesota Press in 2007, in the series Architecture, Landscape, and American Culture (see http://www.upress.umn.edu/Books/Y/yanni_architecture.html), I looked at the architecture of psychiatric hospitals in nineteenth-century America to investigate a building type in which the patrons believed that architecture influenced behavior; indeed, some doctors argued that the buildings could cure mental illness. I was supported by a generous fellowship from the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts (Washington, DC) while I wrote that book, and the book was awarded a subvention grant from the Graham Foundation. 

In Nature's Museums: Victorian Science and the Architecture of Display (Princeton Architectural Press, 2005; Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000, Athlone, 1999), I explored the presentation of nineteenth-century natural science in Britain through public museums.  I argued that conflicting definitions of nature, from God’s second book to economic resource for exploitation by the empire, could be read in the architecture and display strategies of natural history museums.

A starting hypothesis for my work is that large, publicly funded buildings serve to legitimate ideas.  In this way, architecture participates in the social construction of knowledge.  In 2012, I served as co-director, with Stuart W. Leslie, (History of Science, Johns Hopkins University) for the Social Sciences Research Council Dissertation Proposal Development Workshop on the intersection of architecture and science. I was honored that the SSRC would sponsor “The Spaces of Inquiry” as an important emerging field. 

Recently, I have been honored to serve as co-director of the Rutgers British Studies Center.  In that capacity, I hosted two international conferences: "Objects of Empire" and "Concrete City." 

I received my doctorate in art history from the University of Pennsylvania in 1994; I graduated from Wesleyan University in Connecticut with B.A. in 1987.  I was fortunate to receive outstanding mentoring from Joseph Siry at Wesleyan and David Brownlee at Penn, and I remain appreciative of the guidance and continuing friendship of these fine scholars.  I am particularly grateful for the fellowships that allowed me to study at Penn.

Publications:

ArchofMadness

Books:

Living on Campus: An Architectural History of the American Dormitory (University of Minneapolis Press, 2019)

The Architecture of Madness: Insane Asylums in the United States. University of Minnesota Press, 2007. Now in its third Printing.  (Selected as a 2007 “Book of Critical Interest” by the journal Critical Inquiry 34.1, 2007).

Nature's Museums: Victorian Science and the Architecture of Display (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000).

Selected Publications

"The Coed's Predicament: The Martha Cook Building at the University of Michigan" Buildings & Landscapes 2017

“Design, Display and Development: Evolution in British Victorian Architecture”, invited publication for a peer-reviewed anthology, Evolution and Victorian Culture, to be published by Cambridge University Press, edited by Bernard Lightman and Bennett Zon, forthcoming, 2013.

"Campus History at the Crossroads: Three Divergent Methods," The Journal of Planning History, November 2012, 11:4, 348-351. http://www.architectural-review.com/reviews/events/going-back-to-move-forward/8634599.article

 “The Richardson Memorial: Mariana Griswold Van Rensselaer’s Henry Hobson Richardson and His Works,” Nineteenth Century Magazine, December 2007.

“Learning from the History and Sociology of Science: Interrogating the Spaces of Knowledge,” invited essay in a series of methodological articles, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, December 2005, 64:4, 423-425.

“The Linear Plan for Insane Asylums in the United States to 1866” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, March 2003.

“Nature and Nomenclature: William Whewell and the Production of Architectural Knowledge of Early Victorian Britain” Architectural History (UK) September 1997. 

“Divine Display or Secular Science: Defining Nature at the Natural History Museum in London,” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, vol. 55, no. 3, September 1996 (Winner of the Founders' Award from the Society of Architectural Historians).


Current Interests & Research:

--The architecture of dormitories and residence halls
--British Victorian architecture and evolution
--The architecture of insane asylums and its relationship to Victorian psychiatry
--The social, intellectual, and architectural history of museums
--The sociology of science in relation to architectural history

Undergraduate Classes Taught:

--Introduction to Architecture: Building the Future SAS CORE  CC

--Nineteenth-century Architecture

--Twentieth-century Architecture

--Exploring the University: American Collegiate Architecture (Byrne First Year Seminar)

--Rethinking Nineteenth-Century American Architecture (Honors Seminar, SAS Honors Program)

--The Architecture of Colleges and Universities

--The Spaces Between: Architecture and Urbanism

--Destination Culture: Museums, Architecture, and Heritage

Graduate Classes Taught:

--Constructing the Victorian City: New York and London

--Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Public Architecture in the USA

--The City in Britain

Short Bio: Carla Yanni is the author of three monographs, each one a social history of a single building type. Residence Life: A Social and Architectural History of College Dormitories in the United States (University of Minnesota Press, forthcoming, 2018) examines the dwellings of college students. The Architecture of Madness: Insane Asylums in the United States (University of Minnesota Press, now in its third printing) offers an exploration of Kirkbride plan mental hospitals. The Architecture of Madness won a Graham Foundation grant and was named “Book of Critical Interest” byCritical Inquiry in 2007. During the academic year 2002-2003 she was a Senior Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts at the National Gallery of Art, Washington DC. In 2000, Johns Hopkins University Press published her first book, Nature’s Museums: Victorian Science and the Architecture of Display. She received the Society of Architectural Historians Founders’ Award for the best article in the JSAH in 1996. She earned the doctorate in art history from the University of Pennsylvania and a B.A. from Wesleyan University.

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